Kerry Underwood


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In Accident Exchange Ltd and another v McLean and others [2018] EWHC 1533 (Comm) (12 June 2018)

the Commercial Court has granted the solicitors’ application for security for costs, including firms of solicitors, whereby proceedings alleged conspiracy and deceit against defendants.

However, Teare J significantly reduced the amount ordered in respect of incurred costs due to the solicitors’ delay in making the application.

The decision highlights the importance of defendants taking proactive steps to monitor the claimant’s financial position to ensure that any anticipated improvement in that position which has caused the defendant to hold off from seeking security has, in fact, come to fruition.

The claimants’ case on delay originated from events in October 2016, when the claimants’ then solicitors had stated in correspondence that the claimant had completed, subject to shareholder approval, a refinancing which would strengthen the claimant’s financial position.

Consequently, the solicitors decided not to pursue security at that time.

However, the refinancing was not approved, and the solicitors did not make further enquiries until early 2018.

The claimant contended that there was culpable delay between around November 2016 and January 2018 because:


  • a prudent solicitor would have immediately asked for details of when shareholder approval was to be given.
  • the solicitor should have kept the matter under review, for example by inspecting the claimant’s accounts in March 2017, which would have revealed that approval had not been obtained.


Teare J observed that this was a major piece of litigation, involving very substantial costs (the solicitors’ total costs to the end of trial were estimated at £19 million).

Consequently, one would have expected the solicitors to pursue the matter and, had they done so, it was very likely that the lack of shareholder approval would have emerged.

Even if the claimant would still have suggested that the security application should await completion of refinancing negotiations, having regard to the date for trial, it would probably have been made earlier than it was.

On quantum, the judge noted that the solicitors sought security for 80% of their costs.

He referred to Stokors SA v IG Markets Ltd [2012] EWCA Civ 1706, in which the Court of Appeal supported the view that around 60% was appropriate.

Having regard to this and to the solicitors’ delay, he ordered “60 per cent of 60 per cent” of the incurred costs.

In relation to costs to be incurred, he ordered 60% of the costs claimed.

Written by kerryunderwood

July 23, 2018 at 8:45 am

Posted in Uncategorized

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